Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 words. Not only that, Chinese is also a tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, and when unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available possess PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or possible. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Last tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, are usually many similar sounds unique meanings. As a a couple of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn’t always possible to guess the pronunciation of a role. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, that is composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation isn’t related, the concise explaination of the characters are able to. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same manner as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds pertaining to instance u with an umlaut () that sounds like a program of I and u. Like every item and fixture unfamiliar, it will result in uncertainty and fearfulness. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the most important step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language achievement.
The Strategies Previously Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a search amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Chinese language learners and uncovered interesting results may be help future learners in forming a highly effective study technique. Her study revolves concerning the most used often Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing of this Chinese heroes.
The study finds that among the top twenty most often used strategies, eight from them are most typically associated with when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the character is utilized for context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the character.
7. Listening to the explanation of the smoothness.
8. Associating the character with previously learned individuality.
The next six strategies are often increase learners’ understanding from the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if fresh character been recently used previously.
12. Discovering this how intensive testing . used in conversation.
13. When using the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how the character could be taken in words.
However, learning strategies tossing the second diminish beyond those two learning stages. There are only three strategies for the memorising newly learned character.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time frame.
16. Saying and picturing the character in consideration.
17. With the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And presently there only one strategy utilized for practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed with these two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many time intervals.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of fresh characters. The four strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the smoothness repeatedly
A research by Stice hello in mandarin chinese 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what ever learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, a primary improvement in learning retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students the materials they are learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students repeat the materials these kinds of are learning as they do anything. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection is not characters various other them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces learning. One way allow your this will be using an app since The Intelligent Flashcards. This specific unit flashcard app is intended for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters based on chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it is also accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app a great dea of more convenient that another app regarding example Anki. With Anki, although user can also add personal notes on it, the sound file isn’t available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning answer to incorporate is observing any characters are used in situation. This can finished by observing real-life conversations to complement the textbook and audio recordings conversation. The time interesting to note that individuals studied in the abovementioned research were reluctant to adopt the training strategies recommended by the instructors, because watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese popular music. There could be many reasons for this. The design and style of the shows or songs cannot appeal to your learners.
Access to this program is not only convenient. Instances if the shows become accessed online, rarely draught beer subtitled either in both Chinese and English which makes the shows more helpful to beginner learners in having the language. Also, most of this very popular Chinese Tv fall in the historical genre, which is a favourite among the Chinese, for instance The Empress of Asia. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is somewhat more complex towards the contemporary spoken Chinese.